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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Jan 2021 - 15 Jan 2021

2021 Jan-Jul

Neurobiol Pain


The gut-brain axis and beyond: Microbiome control of spinal cord injury pain in humans and rodents.


Bannerman CA, Douchant K, Sheth PM, Ghasemlou N
Neurobiol Pain. 2021 Jan-Jul; 9:100059.
PMID: 33426367.


Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating injury to the central nervous system in which 60 to 80% of patients experience chronic pain. Unfortunately, this pain is notoriously difficult to treat, with few effective options currently available. Patients are also commonly faced with various compounding injuries and medical challenges, often requiring frequent hospitalization and antibiotic treatment. Change in the gut microbiome from the "normal" state to one of imbalance, referred to as gut dysbiosis, has been found in both patients and rodent models following SCI. Similarities exist in the bacterial changes observed after SCI and other diseases with chronic pain as an outcome. These changes cause a shift in the regulation of inflammation, causing immune cell activation and secretion of inflammatory mediators that likely contribute to the generation/maintenance of SCI pain. Therefore, correcting gut dysbiosis may be used as a tool towards providing patients with effective pain management and improved quality of life.