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Papers of the Week

Papers: 26 Dec 2020 - 1 Jan 2021

Animal Studies


Front Neurosci


Sural Nerve Perfusion in Mice.


Dudele A, Rasmussen P M, Østergaard L
Front Neurosci. 2020; 14:579373.
PMID: 33362454.


Peripheral nerve function is metabolically demanding and nerve energy failure has been implicated in the onset and development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy and neuropathic pain conditions. Distal peripheral nerve oxygen supply relies on the distribution of red blood cells (RBCs) in just a few, nearby capillary-sized vessels and is therefore technically challenging to characterize. We developed an approach to characterize distal sural nerve hemodynamics in anesthetized, adult male mice using two-photon laser scanning microscopy. Our results show that RBC velocities in mouse sural nerve vessels are higher than those previously measured in mouse brain, and are sensitive to hindlimb temperatures. Nerve blood flow, measured as RBC flux, however, was similar to that of mouse brain and unaffected by local temperature. Power spectral density analysis of fluctuations in RBC velocities over short time intervals suggest that the technique is sufficiently sensitive and robust to detect subtle flow oscillations over time scales from 0.1 to tens of seconds. We conclude that two-photon laser scanning microscopy provides a suitable approach to study peripheral nerve hemodynamics in mice, and that local temperature control is important during such measurements.