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Papers of the Week

2020 Nov 12

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A

Resuturing Without Enterostomy for the Treatment of Early-Stage Anastomotic Leaks After Laparoscopic Soave Procedure in Hirschsprung’s Disease.


Chi S, Guo J, Zhang X, Li K, Xu P, Cao G, Li S, Tang S-T
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2020 Nov 12.
PMID: 33181061.


Anastomotic leak (AL) rates gradually decreased with surgical skills and perioperative management progression, but it is still inevitable. As the traditional management of AL after the pull-through procedure of Hirschsprung's disease (HD), enterostomy could lead to multiple surgeries, repeated hospitalizations, increased costs, and enterostomy-associated complications. This study aimed to explore the safety and feasibility of resuturing without enterostomy treating early AL after the laparoscopic Soave procedure. From October 2014 to June 2019, 10 patients who had AL after the laparoscopic Soave procedure were included. Six patients underwent simply resuturing with presacral drainage; the reoperation time was 1-5 days after primary surgery. Four patients who had diffused peritonitis or severe inflammations received resuturing with an ileostomy, and the reoperation time was 6-11 days. Common early symptoms of AL included persistent fever, sacrococcygeal pain, and abdominal pain. The median delay to reoperation was 1.0 (0-2.25) day. Five patients had leaks at the 3-6 o'clock position, two had leaks at the 6-9 o'clock, and the other three had leaks at the 6 o'clock. The median postoperative fever durations were similar in patients without or with an ileostomy, and the median length of intensive care unit (ICU) stays, duration of antibiotic use, and postoperative length of stay were significantly longer in patients with ileostomy. The mean follow-up time was 38.5 ± 16.7 months (15-69 m). As of the time of writing, no reoccurrence was identified. For patients without diffuse peritonitis, severe inflammations, early diagnosis and timely resuturing of AL within 5 days after the laparoscopic Soave procedure of HD could be a safe, effective, and pleasing treatment.