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Drug Des Devel Ther


Physical Compatibility and Chemical Stability of Fentanyl and Naloxone Hydrochloride in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection Solution for Patient-Controlled Analgesia Administration.


The combination of naloxone hydrochloride (NH) and fentanyl citrate (FC) in patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is examined to reduce the risk of opioid-induced nausea and vomiting. However, there are no such commercially available drug mixtures, and there is also no published evidence on the compatibility and stability of NH and FC. Thus, the primary purpose of the current research is to investigate the physical compatibility and chemical stability of NH when mixed with FC over a 72-h period in a 0.9% sodium chloride injection solution for PCA administration under storage at 4°C and 25°C.