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2020 Sep 11

Br J Neurosurg

Glossopharyngeal neuralgia as initial symptom in combined hyperactive dysfunction syndrome: case report.


Kuzucu P, Türkmen T, Ülkü G, Yaman M E, Aykol Ş
Br J Neurosurg. 2020 Sep 11:1-4.
PMID: 32915076.


Hyperactive dysfunction syndrome (HDS) is defined as symptoms arising from overactivities in cranial nerves, like trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN). A combination of these cranial nerve neuralgias, that might or might not occur in one or both sides, either synchronously, or metachronously is called combined hyperactive dysfunction syndrome (CHDS).