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2020 Jul 15

Hum Pathol

Peyronie Disease: Clinicopathologic Study of 71 Cases with Emphasis on Histopathologic Patterns and Prevalent Metaplastic Ossification.


Hatfield B S, King C R, Udager AM, Williamson SR, Gandhi JS, Amin MB, Spruill L, Lindsey K G, Pillappa R, Roseman J T, Mochel M C, Smith S C
Hum Pathol. 2020 Jul 15.
PMID: 32681945.


Peyronie disease (PD) is a benign, superficial fibromatosis involving the fascial structures of the penis, causing deformity, pain, and loss of function, for which there are few contemporary studies of the histopathology. We performed a multi-institutional review of 74 routine and consultation specimens submitted with clinical concern for PD. Of these, three non-PD lesions were identified and excluded (a myointimoma, a mammary-type myofibroblastoma, and fibrocalcific atherosclerosis). Of the 71 confirmed to be PD, the majority of patients were white (83%) with a median age of 55 years (range: 26-88). The dorsal aspect of the penis was the most common site involved (78%), followed by lateral (12%) and ventral (10%). The median degree of curvature was 70° (range: 20-360°). On review, three overall histologic patterns characterized the lesions resected: dense fibrotic plaque (61%), dense fibrotic plaque with focal or patchy metaplastic ossification (35%), and plaque composed predominantly of metaplastic ossification (4%). The fibrotic component was predominantly nodular (18%), hyalinized/lamellar (46%), or mixed (32%), excepting two cases consisting entirely of metaplastic bone. Chronic inflammation, when present, was most often focal and perivascular in distribution. In one case, an excision post collagenase treatment, showed myxoid change and increased stromal cellularity. Overall, these findings define the range of PD histology, particularly emphasizing that the "calcification" noted clinically nearly always represents bona fide metaplastic ossification. Such context will be of value in evaluating specimens prospectively, in light of changing practices and the use of new technologies for treatment.