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Papers of the Week

Papers: 30 May 2020 - 5 Jun 2020

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2020 Jan-Jul

Neurobiol Pain


Hydroxy-epoxide and keto-epoxide derivatives of linoleic acid activate trigeminal neurons.


Doolen S, Keyes GS, Ramsden CE
Neurobiol Pain. 2020 Jan-Jul; 7:100046.
PMID: 32478201.


Endogenous lipid mediators are proposed to contribute to headache and facial pain by activating trigeminal neurons (TN). We recently identified 11-hydroxy-epoxide- and 11-keto-epoxide derivatives of linoleic acid (LA) that are present in human skin and plasma and potentially contribute to nociception. Here we expand upon initial findings by examining the effects of 11-hydroxy- and 11-keto-epoxide-LA derivatives on TN activation in comparison to LA, the LA derivative [9-hydroxy-octadecadienoic acid (9-HODE)] and prostaglandin E (PGE). 11-hydroxy- and 11-keto-epoxide-LA derivatives elicited Ca transients in TN subpopulations. The proportion of neurons responding to test compounds (5 μM, 5 min) ranged from 16.2 ± 3.8 cells (11 K-9,10E-LA) to 34.1 ± 2.4 cells (11H-12,13E-LA). LA and 9-HODE (5 μM, 5 min) elicited responses in 11.6 ± 3.1% and 9.7 ± 3.4% of neurons, respectively. 11H-12,13E-LA, 11K-12,13E-LA, and 11H-9,10E-LA produced Ca responses in significantly higher proportions of neurons compared to either LA or 9-HODE (F (6, 36) = 5.12, P = 0.0007). 11H-12,13E-LA and 11H-9,10E-LA increased proportions of responsive neurons in a concentration-dependent fashion, similar to PGE. Most sensitive neurons responded to additional algesic agents (32.9% to capsaicin, 40.1% to PGE, 58.0% to AITC), however 20.6% did not respond to any other agent. In summary, 11-hydroxy-epoxide derivatives of LA increase trigeminal neuron excitability, suggesting a potential role in headache or facial pain.