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2020 Apr 27

Rev Esp Enferm Dig


An uncommon cause of chronic abdominal pain and diarrhea.


Fuentes Valenzuela EA, Oyarzún Bahamonde E, Núñez Rodríguez H
Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2020 Apr 27; 112.
PMID: 32338012.


The intestinal spirochaetosis is defined as the presence of spirochetes on the colonic surface. We present the case of a 57-years-old male, with a history of 4-5 months of diffuse abdominal pain, watery diarrhoea due to this infection. The colonoscopy revealed a serpiginous ulcer in the cecum. The biopsy was positive for intestinal spirochaetosis. It is rare infection, more common among immunocompromised patients and HIV, with a faecal-oral transmission. Most cases are incidental findings in the endoscopic screening. In symptomatic patients the watery diarrhoea and non-specific abdominal pain are the most common symptoms. The macroscopic appearance on the colonoscopy is often normal or non-specific lesions can be identified. The diagnosis is based on the biopsy with haematoxylin and eosin and the confirmation can be made with a Warthin-Starry stain. In symptomatic patients the metronidazole is the preferred treatment option. Although it is rare infection, clinicians should be aware of it in patients with common gastrointestinal symptoms.