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Papers of the Week

2020 Mar 13

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep


Thyroid carcinoma with atypical metastasis to the pituitary gland and unexpected postmortal diagnosis.


Popławska-Kita A, Wielogórska M, Poplawski Ł, Siewko K, Adamska A, Szumowski P, Myśliwiec P, Myśliwiec J, Reszeć J, Kamiński G, Dzięcioł J, Tobiaszewska D, Szelachowska M, Krętowski A J
Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep. 2020 Mar 13; 2020.
PMID: 32168468.


Papillary thyroid gland carcinoma is the most common type of malignancy of the endocrine system. Metastases to the pituitary gland have been described as a complication of papillary thyroid cancer in few reported cases since 1965. We report the case of a 68-year-old female patient with a well-differentiated form of thyroid gland cancer. Despite it being the most common malignant cancer of the endocrine system, with its papillary form being one of the two most frequently diagnosed thyroid cancers, the case we present is extremely rare. Sudden cardiac arrest during ventricular fibrillation occurred during hospitalization. Autopsy of the patient revealed papillary carcinoma of the thyroid, follicular variant, with metastasis to the sella turcica, and concomitant sarcoidosis of heart, lung, and mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Not only does atypical metastasis make our patient's case most remarkable, but also the postmortem diagnosis of sarcoidosis makes her case particularly unusual.