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Papers of the Week

2019 Nov-Dec

Am J Lifestyle Med



Lifestyle and Pain in Women With Knee Osteoarthritis.


Cristina de Oliveira N, Alfieri F M, Lima A R S, Portes L A
Am J Lifestyle Med. 2019 Nov-Dec; 13(6):606-610.
PMID: 31662727.


Osteoarthritis (OA) is the main cause of pain and disability in the elderly. The disease leads to chronic musculoskeletal pain, characterized by an abnormal excitability of pain conduction pathways, and lifestyle may interfere in this pathophysiological aspect. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare perceived pain, pressure pain threshold, and lifestyle of adult and elderly women with and without knee OA. A total of 143 women were recruited and divided into 2 groups: OA ( = 68) and control ( = 75). Volunteers were evaluated for pressure pain tolerance (algometry in vastus medialis and vastus lateralis muscles), perceived pain (visual analogue scale) and lifestyle (FANTASTIC questionnaire). Patients with OA of the present study presented higher weight ( = .001) and body mass index ( < .001) than controls. Results also revealed less tolerance to pressure pain ( < .001) and higher pain perception ( < .001) in patients with OA. OA group scored significantly lower in lifestyle questionnaire than controls ( = .03). Patients with OA in the present study who presented lifestyle scores below median presented significantly higher values of pain perception than the ones above it ( = .03). In conclusion, patients with OA present more sensitivity to pain, more perceived pain, and worse lifestyle than healthy individuals.