I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2019 Aug 28




Relationship Between Maternal Serum Bile Acid Levels and Fetal Cardiac Troponin-I Levels in Asymptomatic Pregnant Patients at Term: A Cross-sectional Observational Study.


Objective The objective of our study was to determine if a correlation exists between maternal total bile acid levels, degree of maternal pruritus, and fetal cardiac troponin-I levels in asymptomatic patients without a diagnosis of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Study design In this cross-sectional observational study, patients were enrolled at the time of the scheduled term cesarean section. Maternal blood was drawn for fasting total bile acid levels and cord blood was collected for fetal cardiac troponin-I levels. Pruritus during pregnancy was quantified by the patient on a visual analog scale (VAS). Correlation coefficients between these variables were calculated. Results There was not a positive correlation between any of the primary variables studied (pruritis, total bile acid, cardiac troponin I). Pearson's R between total bile acid and cardiac troponin I was -0.058 (weak correlation in the opposite direction), and between total bile acid and pruritus severity, it was 0.031. Conclusion In patients without intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, higher levels of maternal total bile acids did not correlate with increased cardiac troponin-I (fetal cardiomyocyte damage) or increased pruritus. This supports the current theory that the adverse outcomes associated with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy require a threshold value of total bile acids, one high enough to cause clinically significant maternal pruritis.