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Papers of the Week

2020 Apr

J Cell Physiol



Upregulation of miR-183 represses neuropathic pain through inhibiton of MAP3K4 in CCI rat models.



Many studies have verified that microRNAs contribute a lot to neuropathic pain progression. Furthermore, nerve-related inflammatory cytokines play vital roles in neuropathic pain progression. miR-183 has been identified to have a common relationship with multiple pathological diseases. However, the potential effects of miR-183 in the process of neuropathic pain remain undetermined. Therefore, we performed the current study with the purpose of finding the functions of miR-183 in neuropathic pain progression using a chronic sciatic nerve injury (CCI) rat model. We demonstrated that miR-183 expression levels were evidently reduced in CCI rats in contrast with the control group. Overexpression of miR-183 produced significant relief of mechanical hyperalgesia, as well as thermal hyperalgesia in CCI rats. Furthermore, neuropathic pain-correlated inflammatory cytokine expression levels containing interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were obviously inhibited by upregulation of miR-183. Meanwhile, dual-luciferase reporter assays showed MAP3K4 was a direct downstream gene of miR-183. The expression levels of MAP3K4 were modulated by the increased miR-183 negatively, which lead to the downregulation of IL-6, IL-1β, and COX-2, and then reduced neuropathic pain progression, respectively. Overall, our study pointed out that miR-183 was a part of the negative regulator which could relieve neuropathic pain by targeting MAP3K4. Thus it may provide a new clinical treatment for neuropathic pain patients clinical therapy.