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Papers of the Week

Papers: 20 Jul 2019 - 26 Jul 2019

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development


Front Pharmacol


Resolvin D5 Inhibits Neuropathic and Inflammatory Pain in Male But Not Female Mice: Distinct Actions of D-Series Resolvins in Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy.


Earlier studies have demonstrated that essential fatty acid-derived specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) promote the resolution of inflammation and pain. However, the potential analgesic actions of SPMs in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) are not known. Recent results also showed sex dimorphism in immune cell signaling in neuropathic pain. Here, we evaluated the analgesic actions of D-series resolvins (RvD1, RvD2, RvD3, RvD4, and RvD5) on a CIPN in male and female mice. Paclitaxel (PTX, 2 mg/kg), given on days 0, 2, 4, and 6, produced robust mechanical allodynia in both sexes at 2 weeks. Intrathecal injection of RvD1 and RvD2 (100 ng, i.t.) at 2 weeks reversed PTX-induced mechanical allodynia in both sexes, whereas RvD3 and RvD4 (100 ng, i.t.) had no apparent effects on either sex. Interestingly, RvD5 (100 ng, i.t.) only reduced mechanical allodynia in male mice but not in female mice. Notably, PTX-induced mechanical allodynia was fully developed in or knockout mice, showing no sex differences. Also, intrathecal RvD5 reduced mechanical allodynia in male mice lacking or , whereas female mice with or deficiency had no response to RvD5. Finally, RvD5-induced male-specific analgesia was also confirmed in an inflammatory pain condition. Formalin-induced second phase pain (licking and flinching) was reduced by intrathecal RvD5 in male but not female mice. These findings identified RvD5 as the first SPM that shows sex dimorphism in pain regulation. Moreover, these results suggest that specific resolvins may be used to treat CIPN, a rising health concern in cancer survivors.