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Papers of the Week

2019 Apr

Presse Med



[Varicoceles, pelvic varices and pelvic congestion syndrome: Interventional radiology in diagnosis and treatment].


Paisant-Thouveny F, Le Pennec V, Loffroy R
Presse Med. 2019 Apr; 48(4):419-434.
PMID: 31097262.


Genital venous insufficiency in men is usually of constitutional origin due to valvular incontinence. Genital venous insufficiency in female is more often generated by major, lasting, and possibly repeated pregnancy-related hyperpressure phenomena. Genital venous insufficiency in men is usually expressed by visible and recognizable peritesticular varicocele. Of simple anatomic structure, it is easily accessible to endovascular treatment by embolization, which is the first-line therapy nowadays. Genital venous insufficiency in women results in a pelvic predominant varicosis, which should be evoked in case of chronic pelvic pain or atypical venous afferents to the lower limbs. Precise and guided interrogation and clinical examination allow the attending physician to be the first actor in the detection of symptomatic pelvis venous insufficiency in men and women. A chronic pelvic pain in female should evoke a pelvic congestion syndrome, symptomatic translation of pelvic varicosis, especially if it increases at the end of the day, at the effort, in pre-menstrual period. Treatment with endovascular embolization is the only therapeutic option for female pelvic venous insufficiency, of complex architecture and deep anatomical situation. The interventional radiologist offers a complete, minimally invasive and efficient treatment with limited hospital costs and perioperative constraints.