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Papers of the Week

Papers: 2 Mar 2019 - 8 Mar 2019

Animal Studies, Human Studies

2019 Apr 09

Biochem Biophys Res Commun



MiRNA-29a modulates visceral hyperalgesia in irritable bowel syndrome by targeting HTR7.


Zhu H, Xiao X, Chai Y, Li D, Yan X, Tang H
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2019 Apr 09; 511(3):671-678.
PMID: 30827505.


Some patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have visceral hypersensitivity, which contributes to their abdominal pain. miRNA-29 was detected to be significantly upregulated in colonic tissues of patients with IBS. However, it is unknown whether miRNA-29a is involved in the visceral hypersensitivity pathogenesis of IBS. This study aimed to investigate whether miRNA-29a participates in visceral hypersensitivity in IBS. We investigated miRNA-29a in intestinal biopsies collected during endoscopy of patients with IBS (n = 10) and healthy volunteers (control) (n = 10). In addition, a water avoidance stress (WAS)-induced visceral hypersensitivity IBS mouse model was established. The abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scores of mice in response to colorectal distention were used to assess visceral sensitivity. Reverse transcription quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to measure miRNA-29a levels. Immunofluorescence, RT-qPCR and western blot were used to measure 5-HT receptor (HTR7) levels. Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase reporter assays were used to detect the direct relationship between miRNA-29a and HTR7. Finally, alterations in the levels of HTR7 and miRNA-29a were measured in the human intestinal epithelial cell line NCM460 after transfection with miRNA-29a inhibitor or mimic. Intestinal tissues from patients with IBS and WAS-induced IBS mice had increased levels of miRNA-29a, but reduced levels of HTR7. MiRNA-29a knockout resulted in overexpression of HTR7 and attenuated visceral hyperalgesia in WAS-induced IBS mice. HTR7 was a direct target of miRNA-29a. Based on analyses of intestinal tissue samples from patients with IBS and WAS-induced miRNA-29a mice, miRNA-29a plays a role in the visceral hyperalgesia pathogenesis of IBS, probably through regulating HTR7 expression.