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Pan Afr Med J


[The two major complications of tobacco in a single image!]


Asri H, Zegmout A
Pan Afr Med J. 2018; 30:252.
PMID: 30627313.


Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide, it is responsible for 90% of bronchopulmonary cancers and is the main cause of chronic bronchitis and emphysema, two disorders which contribute to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We here report the case of a 58-year old not weaned chronic tabagic patient with a 2-month history of diffuse abdominal pain evolving in a context of alteration of the general state. Clinical examination showed generally poor health. Pleuropulmonary examination objectified reduction of vesicular breath sounds in the right hemithorax and diffuse abdominal susceptibility and massive left subclavicular lymphadenopathy. Thoraco-abdominal CT scan showed pleural, intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal tissue infiltration and diffuse bilateral lung emphysema (Figure). Bronchial fibroscopy objectified bud obstructing the orifice of the apical bronchus of the right upper lobar bronchus. Anatomopathologic study of bronchial biopsy and lymph node biopsy showed non-differentiated carcinoma. Evolution was marked by patient's death after two weeks. This study aims to highlight fatal outcome due to these two complications due to tobacco use in the same patient in order to emphasize the importance of prevention awareness of the damages of tobacco use and on smoking cessation.