Incisional hernias following lateral abdominal wall incisions with an incidence of 1-4% are less common than following medial incisions at 14-19%. The proportion of lateral incisional hernias in the total collective of all incisional hernias is around 17%. Compared to midline defects, lateral incisional hernias are more difficult to repair because of the more complex anatomy and localization. A recent systematic review identified only 11 publications with a total of 345 patients reporting on lateral incisional hernia repair. Therefore, further studies are urgently needed.