Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease characterized by widespread pain. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) effectively relieves pain intensity in patients with fibromyalgia. The frequency and target site of rTMS have significant roles in therapy effectiveness. However, there is disagreement over the best rTMS protocol. Thus, we will conduct a thorough systematic review and network meta-analysis to rank the efficacy of these various rTMS protocols and determine which is most beneficial in lowering pain and enhancing the quality of life.