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Papers: 7 Oct 2023 - 13 Oct 2023

2023 Oct 12

Nat Commun




ZSP1601, a novel pan-phosphodiesterase inhibitor for the treatment of NAFLD, A randomized, placebo-controlled phase Ib/IIa trial.


Hu Y, Li H, Zhang H, Chen X, Chen J, Xu Z, You H, Dong R, Peng Y, Li J, Li X, Wu D, Zhang L, Cao D, Jin H, Qiu D, Yang A, Lou J, Zhu X, Niu J, Ding Y


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a growing health burden with limited treatment options worldwide. Herein we report a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-dose trial of a first-in-class pan-phosphodiesterase inhibitor ZSP1601 in 36 NAFLD patients (NCT04140123). There were three cohorts. Each cohort included twelve patients, nine of whom received ZSP1601 50 mg once daily, 50 mg twice daily, or 100 mg twice daily, and three of whom received matching placebos for 28 days. The primary outcomes were the safety and tolerability of ZSP1601. A total of 27 (27/36, 75%) patients experienced at least one treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE). Most TEAEs were mild to moderate. There was no Serious Adverse Event. Diarrhea, transiently elevated creatinine and adaptive headache were frequently reported adverse drug reaction. We conclude that ZSP1601 is well-tolerated and safe, showing effective improvement in liver chemistries, liver fat content and fibrosis in patients with NAFLD.