I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 19 Aug 2023 - 25 Aug 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

Musculoskeletal Pain, Psychological/Comorbidities

2023 Aug 21

Sci Rep




Vacuolar-ATPase-mediated muscle acidification caused muscular mechanical nociceptive hypersensitivity after chronic stress in rats, which involved extracellular matrix proteoglycan and ASIC3.


Nasu T, Hori A, Hotta N, Kihara C, Kubo A, Katanosaka K, Suzuki M, Mizumura K


Although widespread pain, such as fibromyalgia, is considered to have a central cause, peripheral input is important. We used a rat repeated cold stress (RCS) model with many characteristics common to fibromyalgia and studied the possible involvement of decreased muscle pH in muscle mechanical hyperalgesia. After a 5-day RCS, the muscle pH and the muscular mechanical withdrawal threshold (MMWT) decreased significantly. Subcutaneously injected specific inhibitor of vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase), bafilomycin A1, reversed both changes almost completely. It also reversed the increased mechanical response of muscle thin-fibre afferents after RCS. These results show that V-ATPase activation caused muscle pH drop, which led to mechanical hypersensitivity after RCS. Since extracellular matrix proteoglycan and acid sensitive ion channels (TRPV1 and ASIC3) have been considered as possible mechanisms for sensitizing/activating nociceptors by protons, we investigated their involvement. Manipulating the extracellular matrix proteoglycan with chondroitin sulfate and chondroitinase ABC reversed the MMWT decrease after RCS, supporting the involvement of the extracellular mechanism. Inhibiting ASIC3, but not TRPV1, reversed the decreased MMWT after RCS, and ASIC3 mRNA and protein in the dorsal root ganglia were upregulated, indicating ASIC3 involvement. These findings suggest that extracellular mechanism and ASIC3 play essential roles in proton-induced mechanical hyperalgesia after RCS.