Chronic morphine tolerance is a repulsive barrier to the clinical treatment of pain. Whereas the underlying molecular mechanisms of morphine tolerance remain unknown. Here, we proposed that tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2) is an essential control point regarding the progression of chronic morphine tolerance. We found that TIPE2 levels in the lumbar spinal cord were significantly downregulated in the morphine tolerance mouse model. Specifically, decreased TIPE2 by morphine tolerance was primarily expressed in spinal neurons, while increased expression of spinal TIPE2 distinctly attenuated the chronic morphine antinociceptive tolerance and tolerance-associated hyperalgesia. We also observed that increased expression of spinal TIPE2 significantly reduced morphine tolerance-induced neuronal ROS production and apoptosis, along with the activation of MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathways. Moreover, the increased TIPE2 expression inhibited neuronal activation and glial reactivity in the spinal dorsal horn after chronic morphine exposure. Additionally, TIPE2 overexpression in cultured SH-SY5Y cells significantly suppressed ROS production and apoptosis in response to morphine challenge. Therefore, we can conclude that the upregulation of spinal TIPE2 may attenuate the morphine antinociceptive tolerance via TIPE2-dependent downregulation of neuronal ROS, inhibition of neuronal apoptosis, suppression of MAPKs and NF-κB activation. TIPE2 may be a potential strategy for preventing morphine tolerance in the future studies and clinical settings. Schematic diagram for the proposed mechanisms of TIPE2 regulates morphine antinociceptive tolerance. TIPE2 may alleviate morphine antinociceptive tolerance by regulating MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathways and apoptosis, which might be associated with ROS production.