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Papers of the Week

Papers: 24 Jun 2023 - 30 Jun 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Genetics, Neurobiology, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Cancer Pain, Neuropathic Pain

2023 Jun 19

Mol Neurobiol


Transcriptome Profiling of miRNA-mRNA Interactions and Associated Mechanisms in Chemotherapy-Induced Neuropathic Pain.


Yang X, Huang X, Lu W, Yan F, Ye Y, Wang L, Tang X, Zeng W, Huang J, Xie J


Chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain (CINP) is a dose-limiting adverse event affecting 40% of chemotherapy patients. MiRNA-mRNA interaction plays an important role in various processes. However, detailed profiling of miRNA-mRNA interactions in CINP remains unclear. Here, a rat-based CINP model was established using paclitaxel, followed by nociceptive behavioral tests related to mechanical allodynia, thermal hyperalgesia, and cold allodynia. The landscape of miRNA-mRNA interaction in the spinal dorsal horn was investigated through mRNA transcriptomics and small RNA sequencing. Under CINP condition, 86 differentially expressed mRNAs and 56 miRNAs were identified. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), Gene Ontology (GO), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses indicated the activity of Odorant binding, postsynaptic specialization and synaptic density, extracellular matrix, mitochondrial matrix, retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, and GTPase activity. Protein-protein interaction (PPI), networks of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA, lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA, and TF-genes were demonstrated. We next explored the immune infiltration microenvironment and found a higher infiltration abundance of Th17 and a lower abundance of MDSC in CINP. RT-qPCR and dual-luciferase assays were used to verify the sequencing results, and single-cell analysis based on the SekSeeq database was conducted. Combined with bioinformatics analyses and experimental validations, Mpz, a protein-coding gene specifically expressed in Schwann cells, was found critical in maintaining CINP under miRNA regulation. Therefore, these data highlight the expression patterns of miRNA-mRNA, and the underlying mechanism in the spinal dorsal horn under CINP condition, and Mpz may serve as a promising therapeutic target for patients with CINP.