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Papers of the Week

Papers: 29 Jun 2024 - 5 Jul 2024

2024 Jun 21





Topiramate suppresses peri-infarct spreading depolarization and improves outcomes in a rat model of photothrombotic stroke.


Wang Y, Yen S, Ian Shih YY, Lai CW, Chen YL, Chen LT, Chen H, Liao LD


Ischemic stroke can cause depolarized brain waves, termed peri-infarct depolarization (PID). Here, we evaluated whether topiramate, a neuroprotective drug used to treat epilepsy and alleviate migraine, has the potential to reduce PID. We employed a rat model of photothrombotic ischemia that can reliably and reproducibly induce PID and developed a combined electrocorticography-laser speckle contrast imaging (ECoG-LSCI) platform to monitor neuronal activity and cerebral blood flow (CBF) simultaneously. Topiramate administration after photothrombotic ischemia did not rescue CBF but significantly restored somatosensory evoked potentials in the forelimb area of the primary somatosensory cortex. Moreover, infarct volume was investigated by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, and neuronal survival was evaluated by Nissl staining. Mechanistically, the levels of inflammatory markers, such as ED1 (CD68), Iba-1, and GFAP, decreased significantly after topiramate administration, as did BDNF expression, while the expression of NeuN and Bcl-2/Bax increased, which is indicative of reduced inflammation and improved neuroprotection.