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Papers of the Week

Papers: 6 Jan 2024 - 12 Jan 2024

2024 Jan 01





The Underlying Rab Network of MRGPRX2-Stimulated Secretion Unveils the Impact of Receptor Trafficking on Secretory Granule Biogenesis and Secretion.


Lazki-Hagenbach P, Kleeblatt E, Fukuda M, Ali H, Sagi-Eisenberg R


MRGPRX2, the human member of the MAS-related G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), mediates the immunoglobulin E (IgE)-independent responses of a subset of mast cells (MCs) that are associated with itch, pain, neurogenic inflammation, and pseudoallergy to drugs. The mechanisms underlying the responses of MRGPRX2 to its multiple and diverse ligands are still not completely understood. Given the close association between GPCR location and function, and the key role played by Rab GTPases in controlling discrete steps along vesicular trafficking, we aimed to reveal the vesicular pathways that directly impact MRGPRX2-mediated exocytosis by identifying the Rabs that influence this process. For this purpose, we screened 43 Rabs for their functional and phenotypic impacts on MC degranulation in response to the synthetic MRGPRX2 ligand compound 48/80 (c48/80), which is often used as the gold standard of MRGPRX2 ligands, or to substance P (SP), an important trigger of neuroinflammatory MC responses. Results of this study highlight the important roles played by macropinocytosis and autophagy in controlling MRGPRX2-mediated exocytosis, demonstrating a close feedback control between the internalization and post-endocytic trafficking of MRGPRX2 and its triggered exocytosis.