I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 22 Jun 2024 - 28 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 08

Int J Mol Sci




The Role of MicroRNAs in the Pathophysiology of Osteoarthritis.


Szala D, Kopańska M, Trojniak J, Jabłoński J, Hanf-Osetek D, Snela S, Zawlik I


Worldwide, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common cause of joint pain in older people. Many factors contribute to osteoarthritis’ development and progression, including secondary osteoarthritis’ underlying causes. It is important to note that osteoarthritis affects all four tissues: cartilage, bone, joint capsule, and articular apparatus. An increasingly prominent area of research in osteoarthritis regulation is microRNAs (miRNAs), a small, single-stranded RNA molecule that controls gene expression in eukaryotes. We aimed to assess and summarize current knowledge about the mechanisms of the action of miRNAs and their clinical significance. Osteoarthritis (OA) is affected by the interaction between miRNAs and inflammatory processes, as well as cartilage metabolism. MiRNAs also influence cartilage cell apoptosis, contributing to the degradation of the cartilage in OA. Studies have shown that miRNAs may have both an inhibitory and promoting effect on osteoporosis progression through their influence on molecular mechanisms. By identifying these regulators, targeted treatments for osteoarthritis may be developed. In addition, microRNA may also serve as a biomarker for osteoarthritis. By using these biomarkers, the disease could be detected faster, and early intervention can be instituted to prevent mobility loss and slow deterioration.