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Papers: 13 April 2024 - 19 April 2024

2024 Apr 17

Mol Pain


The Regulation of the PD-1/PD-L1 Pathway in Imiquimod-Induced Chronic Psoriasis Itch and Itch Sensitization in Mouse.


Xu Z, Wang Y, Jiang C, Wang Z, Chen Y, Fan M


PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors have been demonstrated to induce itch in both humans and experimental animals. However, whether the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway is involved in the regulation of chronic psoriatic itch remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway in imiquimod-induced chronic psoriatic itch. The intradermal injection of PD-L1 in the nape of neck significantly alleviated chronic psoriatic itch in imiquimod-treated skin. Additionally, we observed that spontaneous scratching behavior induced by imiquimod disappeared on day 21. Still, intradermal injection of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors could induce more spontaneous scratching for over a month, indicating that imiquimod-treated skin remained in an itch sensitization state after the spontaneous scratching behavior disappeared. During this period, there was a significant increase in PD-1 receptor expression in both the imiquimod-treated skin and the spinal dorsal horn in mice, accompanied by significant activation of microglia in the spinal dorsal horn. These findings suggest the potential involvement of the peripheral and central PD-1/PD-L1 pathways in regulating chronic itch and itch sensitization induced by imiquimod.