Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common chronic joint disease characterized by articular cartilage degeneration. OA usually manifests as joint pain, limited mobility, and joint effusion. Currently, the primary OA treatment is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Although they can alleviate the disease’s clinical symptoms and signs, the drugs have some side effects. Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) may be an alternative to relieve OA symptoms.