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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Dec 2023 - 15 Dec 2023


J Inflamm Res



The Pivotal Role of Nrf2 Signal Axis in Intervertebral Disc Degeneration.


Pan C, Hou W, Deng X, Liu J, Chi R, Shang X, Xu T, Hao X


Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is considered as a dominant contributor to low back pain (LBP), causing severe pain, limited range of lumbar motion, physical dysfunction, and restriction of social activity. However, the specific pathological mechanisms underlying IDD remain elusive, and effective strategies to delay the pathogenesis of IDD are still unclear and limited. In recent years, some studies have found that nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), an important antioxidant transcription factor, may play crucial roles in the pathogenesis and progression of age-related diseases including IDD. Nrf2 can maintain redox homeostasis and protecting nucleus pulposus (NP) cells against oxidative stress, inflammatory response, extracellular matrix (ECM) catabolism, cell senescence and cell death involving in the progression of IDD. In this review, we aim to systematically describe the vital roles and pathological mechanism of Nrf2 signaling axis in the pathogenesis of IDD, which may put forward potential therapeutic strategies for the prevention and treatment of IDD by targeting Nrf2.