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Papers of the Week

Papers: 8 Jun 2024 - 14 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 12

J Drug Target


The pharmacological blockade of P2X4 receptor as a viable approach to manage visceral pain in a rat model of colitis.


DiSalvo C, D'Antongiovanni V, Benvenuti L, Fornai M, Valdiserra G, Natale G, Ryskalin L, Lucarini E, Mannelli LDC, Ghelardini C, Colucci R, Haskó G, Pellegrini C, Antonioli L


Nowadays, the pharmacological management of visceral hypersensitivity associated with colitis is ineffective. In this context, targeting purinergic P2X4 receptor (P2X4R), which can modulate visceral pain transmission, could represent a promising therapeutic strategy. Herein, we tested the pain-relieving effect of two novel and selective P2X4R antagonists (NC-2600 and NP-1815-PX) in a murine model of DNBS-induced colitis and investigated the mechanisms underlying their effect. Tested drugs and dexamethasone (DEX) were administered orally, two days after colitis induction. Treatment with tested drugs and DEX improved tissue inflammatory parameters (body weight, spleen weight, macroscopic damage, TNF and IL-1β levels) in DNBS-rats. In addition, NC-2600 and NP-1815-PX attenuated visceral pain better than DEX and prevented the reduction of occludin expression. In studies, treatment of CaCo2 cells with supernatant from THP-1 cells, previously treated with LPS plus ATP, reduced the expression of tight junctions protein. By contrast, CaCo2 cells treated with supernatant from THP-1 cells, previously incubated with tested drugs, counteracted the reduction of tight junctions due to the inhibition of P2X4R/NLRP3/IL-1β axis. In conclusion, these results suggest that the direct and selective inhibition of P2X4R represents a viable approach for the management of visceral pain associated with colitis NLRP3/IL-1β axis inhibition.