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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Mar 2023 - 31 Mar 2023


Human Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Pharmacology/Drug Development


2023 Mar 12

J Clin Med




The Eosinophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio Acts as an Indicator for Improvement of Clinical Signs and Itch by Upadacitinib Treatment in Atopic Dermatitis.


Hagino T, Saeki H, Fujimoto E, Kanda N


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with severe itch. The eosinophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (ELR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are reported to reflect itch or the severity of AD. We examined if these parameters may act as indicators for therapeutic effects of the Janus kinase 1 inhibitor upadacitinib for patients with AD in real-world clinical practice. Between August 2021 and September 2023, 65 Japanese patients (aged ≥ 12 years) with moderate to severe AD were treated with 15 mg/day of oral upadacitinib, plus twice daily topical corticosteroids. Before treatment, the baseline ELR, NLR, MLR, and PLR levels positively correlated with the eczema area and severity index (EASI), while the baseline NLR and PLR levels positively correlated with the peak pruritus-numerical rating scale (PP-NRS). After upadacitinib treatment, ELR and NLR remarkably decreased at week 4 and the reduced levels were maintained until week 24, in parallel with EASI and PP-NRS, while MLR and PLR transiently reduced at week 4, but returned to baseline levels after week 12. The percent reduction of ELR significantly correlated with the percent reductions of EASI and PP-NRS at weeks 4, 12, and 24 of upadacitinib treatment. ELR may act as an indicator for the improvement of clinical signs and itch by upadacitinib treatment in AD.