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Papers: 6 Jan 2024 - 12 Jan 2024

2023 Dec 21

Int J Mol Sci




The Complex Interplay between the Gut Microbiome and Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review on Potential Correlations and Therapeutic Approaches.


Marchese L, Contartese D, Giavaresi G, Di Sarno L, Salamanna F


The objective of this review is to systematically analyze the potential correlation between gut microbiota and osteoarthritis (OA) as well as to evaluate the feasibility of microbiota-targeted therapies for treating OA. Studies conducted from October 2013 to October 2023 were identified via a search on electronic databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus, following established PRISMA statement standards. Two reviewers independently screened, assessed, and extracted relevant data, and then they graded the studies using the ROBINS I tool for non-randomized interventions studies and SYRCLE’s risk-of-bias tool for animal studies. A search through 370 studies yielded 38 studies (24 preclinical and 14 clinical) that were included. In vivo research has predominantly concentrated on modifying the gut microbiota microenvironment, using dietary supplements, probiotics, and prebiotics to modify the OA status. are the most thoroughly examined with found to effectively reduce cartilage damage, inflammatory factors, and pain. Additionally, inhibits the development of OA by preventing high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and protecting cartilage from damage. Although there are limited clinical studies, certain compositions of intestinal microbiota may be associated with onset and progression of OA, while others are linked to pain reduction in OA patients. Based on preclinical studies, there is evidence to suggest that the gut microbiota could play a significant role in the development and progression of OA. However, due to the scarcity of clinical studies, the exact mechanism linking the gut microbiota and OA remains unclear. Further research is necessary to evaluate specific gut microbiota compositions, potential pathogens, and their corresponding signaling pathways that contribute to the onset and progression of OA. This will help to validate the potential of targeting gut microbiota for treating OA patients.