Optimizing health care decisions relies critically on the availability of health-related information appropriate to the specific needs and circumstances of the individual. Abundant research has demonstrated that information relevant to health care decision-making reflects disparities along multiple axes of sex, race, socioeconomic status, geography, sexual orientation, and other factors. Compounding the problem is that mechanisms of access to information themselves, increasingly recognized as part of the social determinants of health, can perpetuate and even exacerbate these disparities. Critical to achieving neurologic health equity is the application of evidence-based strategies to inform the effective and efficient communication of information that can influence patients’ behaviors, enhance community trust in the scientific enterprise, and shape health systems and policies. In 2020, as part of a strategic planning initiative, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) charged its Advisory Council to form a working group of experts to provide recommendations for reducing health disparities. Here, we report our subgroup’s findings, which focused on the role of communication in addressing neurologic disparities and inequities to achieve health equity. We find a need for incentivizing and supporting the application of communication science across the spectrum of neurologic health research. We present recommendations for NINDS and individual investigators to support communication activities that advance neurologic health equity.