I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 8 Apr 2023 - 14 Apr 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Cancer Pain, Neuropathic Pain

2023 Mar 29



Terpenes from Cannabis sativa Induce Antinociception in Mouse Chronic Neuropathic Pain via Activation of Spinal Cord Adenosine A Receptors.


Schwarz AM, Keresztes A, Bui T, Hecksel RJ, Peña A, Lent B, Gao ZG, Gamez-Rivera M, Seekins CA, Chou K, Appel TL, Jacobson KA, Al-Obeidi FA, Streicher JM


Terpenes are small hydrocarbon compounds that impart aroma and taste to many plants, including . A number of studies have shown that terpenes can produce pain relief in various pain states in both humans and animals. However, these studies were methodologically limited and few established mechanisms of action. In our previous work, we showed that the terpenes geraniol, linalool, β-pinene, α- humulene, and β-caryophyllene produced cannabimimetic behavioral effects via multiple receptor targets. We thus expanded this work to explore the efficacy and mechanism of these terpenes in relieving chronic pain. We first tested for antinociceptive efficacy by injecting terpenes (200 mg/kg, IP) into male and female CD- 1 mice with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) or lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory pain, finding that the terpenes produced roughly equal efficacy to 10 mg/kg morphine or 3.2 mg/kg WIN55,212. We further found that none of the terpenes produced reward as measured by conditioned place preference, while low doses of terpene (100 mg/kg) combined with morphine (3.2 mg/kg) produced enhanced antinociception vs. either alone. We then used the adenosine A receptor (A R) selective antagonist istradefylline (3.2 mg/kg, IP) and spinal cord-specific CRISPR knockdown of the A R to identify this receptor as the mechanism for terpene antinociception in CIPN. cAMP and binding studies and modeling studies further suggested that the terpenes act as A R agonists. Together these studies identify terpenes as potential therapeutics for chronic neuropathic pain, and identify a receptor mechanism in the spinal cord for this activity.