I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 16 Sep 2023 - 22 Sep 2023


Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2023 Sep

Pain Rep




Systematic review of topical interventions for the management of pain in chronic wounds.


Ffrench C, Finn D, Velligna A, Ivory J, Healy C, Butler K, Sezgin D, Carr P, Probst S, McLoughlin A, Arshad S, McIntosh C, Gethin G


Chronic wounds adversely affect quality of life. Pain is associated with chronic wounds, and its impact can vary according to wound aetiology, condition, and patient factors. This systematic review examined the effectiveness of topical interventions in the management chronic wound-related pain guided by PRISMA recommendations of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) where pain reduction is the primary outcome. Inclusion criteria were adults (older than 18 years) with chronic venous, arterial, diabetic, or pressure ulcers where pain has been managed through topical administration of pharmacological/nonpharmacological agents. Searches were conducted in Ovid Embase, Ovid MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, CINAHL, CENTRAL, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus. Studies were screened for eligibility; risk of bias and data were extracted by 2 independent assessors. Searches retrieved 10,327 titles and abstracts (7760 after deduplication). Nine full texts (1323 participants) examining ibuprofen (n = 4), morphine (n = 2), BWD + PHMB [polihexanide-containing biocellulose wound dressing] (n = 1), and EMLA (n = 2) were included. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias 2 tool. Meta-analysis was not possible, but initial exploration suggests improved outcomes (reduced pain) for ibuprofen when compared with controls. Two studies involving morphine showed conflicting findings. Included studies often had small samples, and considering confounding factors (eg, comorbidities), the results should be interpreted with caution. Review of included studies suggests that topical interventions may provide pain relief in individuals with chronic wounds. Further adequately powered RCTs are recommended to assess the efficacy of topical interventions for the management of chronic wound-related pain.