I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 22 Jun 2024 - 28 Jun 2024

2024 Jul 02

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A




Structural dynamics at cytosolic interprotomer interfaces control gating of a mammalian TRPM5 channel.


Karuppan S, Schrag LG, Pastrano CM, Jara-Oseguera A, Zubcevic L


The transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM) tetrameric cation channels are involved in a wide range of biological functions, from temperature sensing and taste transduction to regulation of cardiac function, inflammatory pain, and insulin secretion. The structurally conserved TRPM cytoplasmic domains make up >70 % of the total protein. To investigate the mechanism by which the TRPM cytoplasmic domains contribute to gating, we employed electrophysiology and cryo-EM to study TRPM5-a channel that primarily relies on activation via intracellular Ca. Here, we show that activation of mammalian TRPM5 channels is strongly altered by Ca-dependent desensitization. Structures of rat TRPM5 identify a series of conformational transitions triggered by Ca binding, whereby formation and dissolution of cytoplasmic interprotomer interfaces appear to control activation and desensitization of the channel. This study shows the importance of the cytoplasmic assembly in TRPM5 channel function and sets the stage for future investigations of other members of the TRPM family.