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Papers: 9 Dec 2023 - 15 Dec 2023

2023 Dec 11

Int Immunopharmacol



Stimulation of nuclear receptor REV-ERBs alleviates monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis pathology of mice and the induction of inflammatory molecules expression in primary cultured chondrocytes.


Hashizume H, Motonari H, Yamamoto K, Nakamura Y, Hisaoka-Nakashima K, Morioka N


Because inflammation in chondrocytes contributes to the induction of osteoarthritis (OA), regulation of their activity is essential. A previous study showed that stimulation of the reverse erythroblastosis virus (REV-ERB) nuclear receptors in spinal glial cells elicits anti-inflammatory and antinociception effects in animal models of chronic pain. However, the involvement of REV-ERBs in chondrocyte functions and OA pathologies remains to be elucidated. In the current study, we found that pretreatment with the REV-ERB agonist SR9009 significantly blocked the increases in inflammatory molecules [(matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 3, MMP9, and MMP13] and cytokines (interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor) in primary cultured chondrocytes following treatment with lipopolysaccharide. Furthermore, repeated intra-articular treatment with SR9009 significantly prevented monosodium iodoacetate-induced mechanical hypersensitivity and tended to partially reduce knee joint damage in mice. In conclusion, our findings suggest that REV-ERBs have a critical role in alleviating nociceptive hypersensitivity in OA pathologies by negatively regulating inflammation in chondrocytes.