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Papers of the Week

Papers: 16 Mar 2024 - 22 Mar 2024

2024 Mar 19

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis


Spinal sirtuin 2 attenuates bone cancer pain by deacetylating FoxO3a.


Yang C, Kang F, Huang X, Wu W, Hou G, Zheng K, Han M, Kan B, Zhang Z, Li J


Bone cancer pain (BCP) is refractory to currently used analgesics. Recently, sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) was reported to play a vital role in neuropathic pain but its role in BCP remains unknown. It was hypothesized that spinal SIRT2 attenuates BCP by deacetylating FoxO3a and suppressing oxidative stress. The mouse model of BCP established by injecting tumor cells into the intramedullary space of the femur demonstrated that spinal SIRT2 and FoxO3a were downregulated in BCP development. Intrathecal administration of LV-SIRT2 reduced pain hypersensitivity (mechanical and thermal nociception) in BCP mice. Spinal SIRT2 overexpression upregulated FoxO3a and antioxidant genes (SOD2 and catalase) and inhibited FoxO3a acetylation, phosphorylation, and ubiquitination. Moreover, intrathecal administration of SIRT2 shRNA induced pain hypersensitivity in normal mice. Spinal SIRT2 knockdown downregulated FoxO3a and antioxidant genes and increased FoxO3a acetylation, phosphorylation, and ubiquitination. In summary, spinal SIRT2 increases FoxO3a expression in BCP mice and inhibits oxidative stress by deacetylating FoxO3a and further reducing FoxO3a phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and degradation, leading to BCP relief.