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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Mar 2024 - 15 Mar 2024

2024 Mar

J Biochem Mol Toxicol




Spinal microglial M1 polarization contributes paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain by triggering cells necroptosis.


Dong Yang M, Ming Jie W, Hui Zhou L, Zhao L, Xin L, Xiu Li W, Shuang Z


Paclitaxel (PTX) is a chemotherapeutic agent that is widely used for the treatment of several types of tumors. However, PTX-induced peripheral neuropathy (PIPN) is an adverse effect generally induced by long-term PTX use that significantly impairs the quality of life. Necroptosis has been implicated in various neurodegenerative disorders. Necroptosis of dorsal root ganglion neurons triggers the pathogenesis of PIPN. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the role of spinal neuronal necroptosis in PIPN. It also explores the potential role of microglial polarization in necroptosis. We established rat models of PIPN via quartic PTX administration on alternate days (accumulated dose: 8 mg/kg). PTX induced obvious neuronal necroptosis and upregulated the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase (RIP3) and mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) in the spinal dorsal horn. These effects were inhibited with a necroptosis pathway inhibitor, necrostatin-1 (Nec-1). The effect of microglial polarization on the regulation of spinal necroptosis was elucidated by administering minocycline to inhibit PTX-induced M1 polarization of spinal microglia caused by PTX. We observed a significant inhibitory effect of minocycline on PTX-induced necroptosis in spinal cord cells, based on the downregulation of RIP3 and MLKL expression, and suppression of tumor necrosis factor-α and IL-β synthesis. Additionally, minocycline improved hyperalgesia symptoms in PIPN rats. Overall, this study suggests that PTX-induced polarization of spinal microglia leads to RIP3/MLKL-regulated necroptosis, resulting in PIPN. These findings suggest a potential target for the prevention and treatment of neuropathic pain.