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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Nov 2023 - 1 Dec 2023

2023 Nov 29

J Nanobiotechnology




SHED-derived exosomes attenuate trigeminal neuralgia after CCI of the infraorbital nerve in mice via the miR-24-3p/IL-1R1/p-p38 MAPK pathway.


Guo R, Fang Y, Zhang Y, Liu L, Li N, Wu J, Yan M, Li Z, Yu J


Microglial activation in the spinal trigeminal nucleus (STN) plays a crucial role in the development of trigeminal neuralgia (TN). The involvement of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 (NMDAR1, NR1) in TN has been established. Initial evidence suggests that stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) have a potential therapeutic effect in attenuating TN. In this study, we propose that SHED-derived exosomes (SHED-Exos) may alleviate TN by inhibiting microglial activation. This study sought to assess the curative effect of SHED-Exos administrated through the tail vein on a unilateral infraorbital nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI-ION) model in mice to reveal the role of SHED-Exos in TN and further clarify the potential mechanism.