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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Mar 2024 - 15 Mar 2024

2024 Feb 21

Int J Mol Sci




Selenium Lessens Osteoarthritis by Protecting Articular Chondrocytes from Oxidative Damage through Nrf2 and NF-κB Pathways.


Cheng HL, Yen CC, Huang LW, Hu YC, Huang TC, Hsieh BS, Chang KL


Osteoarthritis (OA) causes joint pain and disability due to the abnormal production of inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in chondrocytes, leading to cell death and cartilage matrix destruction. Selenium (Se) intake can protect cells against oxidative damage. It is still unknown whether Se supplementation is beneficial for OA. This study investigated the effects of Se on sodium iodoacetate (MIA)-imitated OA progress in human chondrocyte cell line (SW1353 cells) and rats. The results showed that 0.3 μM of Se treatment could protect SW1353 cells from MIA-induced damage by the Nrf2 pathway by promoting the gene expression of glutathione-synthesis-related enzymes such as the glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit, the glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit, and glutathione synthetase. In addition, glutathione, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase expressions are also elevated to eliminate excessive ROS production. Moreover, Se could downregulate NF-κB, leading to a decrease in cytokines, matrix proteases, and glycosaminoglycans. In the rats, MIA-induced cartilage loss was lessened after 2 weeks of Se supplementation by oral gavage; meanwhile, glutathione synthesis was increased, and the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines were decreased. These results suggest that Se intake is beneficial for OA due to its effects of decreasing cartilage loss by enhancing antioxidant capacity and reducing inflammation.