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Papers of the Week

Papers: 24 Feb 2024 - 1 Mar 2024

2024 Feb 22

Mol Brain




Selective enhancement of fear extinction by inhibiting neuronal adenylyl cyclase 1 (AC1) in aged mice.


Shi W, Chen QY, Ma Y, Wan J, Li XH, Zhuo M


Adenylyl cyclase 1 (AC1) is a selective subtype of ACs, which is selectively expressed in neurons. The activation of AC1 is activity-dependent, and AC1 plays an important role in cortical excitation that contributes to chronic pain and related emotional disorders. Previous studies have reported that human-used NB001 (hNB001, a selective AC1 inhibitor) produced analgesic effects in different animal models of chronic pain. However, the potential effects of hNB001 on learning and memory have been less investigated. In the present study, we found that hNB001 affected neither the induction nor the expression of trace fear, but selectively enhanced the relearning ability during the extinction in aged mice. By contrast, the same application of hNB001 did not affect recent, remote auditory fear memory, or remote fear extinction in either adult or aged mice. Furthermore, a single or consecutive 30-day oral administration of hNB001 did not affect acute nociceptive response, motor function, or anxiety-like behavior in either adult or aged mice. Our results are consistent with previous findings that inhibition of AC1 did not affect general sensory, emotional, and motor functions in adult mice, and provide strong evidence that inhibiting the activity of AC1 may be beneficial for certain forms of learning and memory in aged mice.