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Papers: 1 Jun 2024 - 7 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 04

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol


Sappanone a alleviates osteoarthritis progression by inhibiting chondrocyte ferroptosis via activating the SIRT1/Nrf2 signaling pathway.


Zhang Z, Zhang N, Li M, Ma X, Qiu Y


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative joint disease that cause pain and disability in adults. Chondrocyte ferroptosis is found to be involved in OA progression. Sappanone A has been found as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidative agent in several diseases. This study aims to investigate the effects of sappanone A on OA progression and chondrocyte ferroptosis. IL-1β-induced chondrocytes and destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM)-induced rats were respectively used as the OA model in vitro and in vivo. The effects of sappanone A on inflammation, extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism, and ferroptosis were determined. Our results showed that in IL-1β-induced chondrocytes, sappanone A suppressed the production of NO, PGE2, TNF-α, IL-6, iNOS, and COX2. Sappanone A also inhibited the expression of MMP3, MMP13, and ADAMTS5, while increasing collagen II expression. Moreover, sappanone A alleviated cytotoxicity and decreased the levels of intracellular ROS, lipid ROS, MDA, and iron, while increasing GSH levels. Additionally, sappanone A increased the protein expression of SLC7A11 and GPX4. Administration of ferroptosis activator reversed the inhibitory effects of sappanone A on IL-1β-induced inflammation and ECM degradation. More importantly, Sappanone A activated the Nrf2 signaling by targeting SIRT1. The inhibition of sappanone A on ferroptosis was greatly eliminated due to the addition of SIRT1 inhibitor. Furthermore, intra-articular injection of sappanone A mitigated cartilage destruction and ferroptosis in DMM-induced OA rats. In conclusion, sappanone A protects against inflammation and ECM degradation in OA via decreasing chondrocyte ferroptosis by activating the SIRT1/Nrf2 signaling. These findings deepen our understanding of chondrocyte ferroptosis in OA and highlight the therapeutic potential of sappanone A for OA.