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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Sep 2023 - 15 Sep 2023


Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

Itch, Psychological/Comorbidities

2023 Sep 13

ACS Chem Neurosci


Role of the GRP/GRPR System in Regulating Brain Functions.


Zhao T, Chen A, Dai D, Li Z, Gao XF, Xiong L


Re-examining the relationship between neuropeptide systems and neural circuits will help us to understand more intensively the critical role of neuropeptides in brain function as the neural circuits responsible for specific brain functions are gradually revealed. Gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRPRs) are Gαq-coupling neuropeptide receptors and widely distributed in the brain, including hippocampus, amygdala, hypothalamus, nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN), preoptic area of the hypothalamus (POA), preBötzinger complex (preBötC), etc., implying the GRP/GRPR system is involved in modulating multiple brain functions. In this review, we focus on the functionality of GRPR neurons and the regulatory role of the GRP/GRPR system in memory and cognition, fear, depression and anxiety, circadian rhythms, contagious itch, gastric acid secretion, food intake, body temperature, and sighing behavior. It can be found that GRPR is usually centered on a certain brain nucleus or anatomical structure and modulates richer or more specific behaviors by connecting with additional different nuclei. In order to explain the regulatory mechanism of the GRP/GRPR system, more precise intervention methods are needed.