Postoperative pain and inflammation are significant complications following surgery. Strategies that aim to prevent excessive inflammation without hampering natural wound-healing are required for the management of postoperative pain and inflammation. However, the knowledge of the mechanisms and target pathways involved in these processes is lacking. Recent studies have revealed that autophagy in macrophages sequesters pro-inflammatory mediators, and it is therefore being recognized as a crucial process involved in regulating inflammation. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that autophagy in macrophages plays protective roles against postoperative pain and inflammation and investigated the underlying mechanisms.