I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 21 Oct 2023 - 27 Oct 2023

2023 Oct 24

Mol Neurobiol


Role of Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor in Diabetic Painful Neuropathy.


Thakur V, Gonzalez MA, Parada M, Martinez RD, Chattopadhyay M


Diabetic painful neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most detrimental complications of diabetes. Alterations in neuroinflammatory mediators play significant roles in the development of DPN. Infiltration of the neutrophils and monocyte/macrophages contributes substantial role in the degenerative process of the distal sciatic nerve by forming neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) under diabetic condition. Citrullination of histones due to increase in protein arginine deiminase (PAD) enzyme activity under hyperglycemia may promote NET formation, which can further increase the cytokine production by activating macrophages and proliferation of neutrophils. This study reveals that the increase in histone deacetylases (HDAC) is crucial in DPN and inhibition of HDAC using HDAC inhibitor (HDACi) FK228 would suppress NETosis and alleviate diabetic nerve degeneration and pain. FK228, also known as romidepsin, is FDA approved for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma yet the molecular mechanisms of this drug are not completely understood in DPN. In this study, type 2 diabetic (T2D) mice with pain were treated with HDACi, FK228 1 mg/kg; I.P. 2 × /week for 3 weeks. The results demonstrate that FK228 treatment can alleviate thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia significantly along with changes in the expression of HDACs in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord dorsal horn neurons of diabetic animals. The results also indicate that FK228 treatment can alter the expression of neutrophil elastase (NE), extracellular or cell free DNA (cfDNA), citrullinated histone-3 (CitH3), PADI4, growth-associated protein (GAP)-43, and glucose transporter (GLUT)-4. Overall, this study suggests that FK228 could amend the expression of nerve regeneration markers and inflammatory mediators in diabetic animals and may offer an alternative treatment approach for DPN.