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Papers of the Week

Papers: 2 Dec 2023 - 8 Dec 2023

2023 Dec 03

J Orthop Res


Remission of hypersensitivity by simple weight load stimuli in a complex regional pain syndrome mouse model.


Kiyomoto K, Emori M, Hanaka M, Teramoto A, Hayakawa H, Takashima K, Yamashita T, Iba K


Painful sensitivity of the hand or foot are the most common and debilitating symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Physical therapy is standard treatment for CRPS, but evidence supporting its efficacy is minimal and it can be essentially impossible for CRPS patients to actively exercise the painful limb. Using the well-characterized distal tibial fracture CRPS mouse model, we compared the therapeutic effects of several weeks of daily hindlimb loading vs. rotarod walking exercise. The effects of loading and exercise were evaluated by weekly testing of hind-paw withdrawal thresholds to von Frey fibers and radiant heat, as well as measurements of paw and ankle edema. At 6 weeks after fracture, the mice were sacrificed and the ipsilateral femur, spinal cord and L4/5 dorsal root ganglia, and hind-paw skin collected for PCR assays and paw skin Immunohistochemistry evaluation. Hindlimb loading reduced hind-paw von Frey allodynia and heat hyperalgesia and edema within week and these effects persisted for at least a week after discontinuing treatment. These therapeutic effects of loading exceeded the beneficial effects observed with rotarod walking exercise in fracture mice. Levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) immunostaining in the hind-paw skin were increased at 6 weeks after fracture, and both loading and exercise treatment reduced increases. Collectively, these results suggest that loading may be an effective and possibly curative treatment in CRPS patients with sensitivity in the affected limb. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.