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Papers of the Week

Papers: 13 May 2023 - 19 May 2023

Basic Science

Medical Devices, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

2023 May 18

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces


Editor's Pick

Reconfigurable Low-Power TiO Memristor for Integration of Artificial Synapse and Nociceptor.


Sahu MC, Jena AK, Mallik SK, Roy S, Sahoo S, Ajimsha RS, Misra P, Sahoo S


Bio-mimetic advanced electronic systems are emerging rapidly, engrossing their applications in neuromorphic computing, humanoid robotics, tactile sensors, and so forth. The biological synaptic and nociceptive functions are governed by intricate neurotransmitter dynamics that involve both short-term and long-term plasticity. To emulate the neuronal dynamics in an electronic device, an Ag/TiO/Pt/SiO/Si memristor is fabricated, exhibiting compliance current controlled reversible transition of volatile switching (VS) and non-volatile switching (NVS). The origin of the VS and NVS depends on the diameter of the conducting filament, which is explained using a field-induced nucleation theory and validated by temporal current response measurements. The switching delay of the device is used to determine the characteristic nociceptive behaviors such as threshold, relaxation, inadaptation, allodynia, and hyperalgesia. The short-term and long-term retention loss attributed to the VS and NVS, respectively, is used to emulate short-term memory and long-term memory of the biological brain in a single device. More importantly, synergistically modulating the VS-NVS transition, the complex spike rate-dependent (SRDP) and spike time-dependent plasticity (STDP) with a weight change of up to 600% is demonstrated in the same device, which is the highest reported so far for TiO memristors. Furthermore, the device exhibits very low power consumption, ∼3.76 pJ/spike, and can imitate synaptic and nociceptive functions. The consolidation of complex nociceptive and synaptic behavior in a single memristor facilitates low-power integration of scalable intelligent sensors and neuromorphic devices.