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Papers of the Week

Papers: 29 Jul 2023 - 4 Aug 2023

2023 Aug 02



Recommendations for Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System pediatric measures in youth with chronic pain: a COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments systematic review of measurement properties.


Li R, Gibler RC, Rheel E, Slack K, Palermo TM


The Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) pediatric measures assess physical, emotional, and social health among children and adolescents. However, their measurement properties have not been systematically examined in youth with chronic pain. A systematic review applying the COnsensus based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) methodology was conducted to evaluate self-reported PROMIS pediatric measures in youth with chronic pain, assessing 8 measurement properties across all versions (item bank, short form, and computer adaptive testing) from 63 studies covering 25 measures. Moderate or high-quality evidence was most available for content validity, structural validity, internal consistency (measurement precision), and construct validity. Four short-form PROMIS pediatric measures-mobility, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and physical stress experiences-achieved recommendation for the use in chronic pain clinical trials; 7 approached recommendation and 14, including the commonly used PROMIS Pediatric Pain Interference Scale, would be recommended with further evidence. Recommendations were also provided for the use of each measure in observational studies. Overall, based on the existing evidence, a total of 11 self-reported PROMIS pediatric short-form measures, including pain intensity, pain behavior, mobility, sleep disturbance, sleep-related impairment, anxiety, depressive symptoms, psychological stress experiences, physical stress experiences, family relationships, and positive effect, are recommended or approaching recommendation for use in youth ages 8 to 19 years with chronic pain. Research is needed to further establish test-retest reliability, measurement errors, cross-cultural validity, and responsiveness. Future work should expand the evaluation of PROMIS pediatric measures in subpopulations of youth with chronic pain, particularly young children and those with neurodevelopmental disabilities.