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Papers of the Week

Papers: 1 Apr 2023 - 7 Apr 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

Acute Pain

2023 Apr 04

Sci Rep




Rat model of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder exhibits delayed recovery from acute incisional pain due to impaired descending noradrenergic inhibition.


Suto T, Kato D, Koibuchi I, Arai Y, Ohta J, Hiroki T, Obata H, Saito S


Chronic pain and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently coexist. However, the common pathology is still unclear. Attenuated noradrenergic endogenous analgesia can produce acute pain chronification, and dysfunction of noradrenergic systems in the nervous system is relevant to ADHD symptoms. Noxious stimuli-induced analgesia (NSIA) is measured to estimate noradrenergic endogenous analgesia in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) as an ADHD model and control. Recovery of pain-related behaviors after paw incision was assessed. Contributions of noradrenergic systems were examined by in vivo microdialysis and immunohistochemistry. The SHR showed attenuated NSIA and needed a more extended period for recovery from acute pain. These results suggest ADHD patients exhibit acute pain chronification due to pre-existing attenuated noradrenergic endogenous analgesia. Immunohistochemistry suggests abnormal noradrenaline turnover and downregulation of the target receptor (alpha2a adrenoceptor). Standard ADHD treatment with atomoxetine restored NSIA and shortened the duration of hypersensitivity after the surgery in the SHR. NSIA protocol activated the locus coeruleus, the origin of spinal noradrenaline, of both strains, but only the control exhibited an increase in spinal noradrenaline. This result suggests dysfunction in the noradrenaline-releasing process and can be recognized as a novel mechanism of attenuation of noradrenergic endogenous analgesia.