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Papers of the Week

Papers: 22 Jun 2024 - 28 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 15





Quinolinyl-based multitarget-directed ligands with soluble epoxide hydrolase and fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitory activities: Synthetic studies and pharmacological evaluations.


Angelia J, Duong L, Yun F, Mesic A, Yuan C, Carr D, Gunari S, Hudson PK, Morisseau C, Hammock BD, Kandasamy R, Pecic S


Simultaneous inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) with a single small molecule represents a novel therapeutic approach in treating inflammatory pain, since both targets are involved in pain and inflammation processes. In this study using multi-target directed ligands methodology we designed and synthesized 7 quinolinyl-based dual sEH/FAAH inhibitors, using an optimized microwave-assisted Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction and tested their potency in human FAAH and human, rat, and mouse sEH inhibition assays. The structure-activity relationship study showed that quinolinyl moiety is well tolerated in the active sites of both enzymes, yielding several very potent dual sEH/FAAH inhibitors with the IC values in the low nanomolar range. The most potent dual inhibitor was further evaluated in stability assay in human and rat plasma where it performed better than the standard Warfarin while study revealed that 1 mg/kg can inhibit acute inflammatory pain in male rats to a similar degree as the traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ketoprofen (30 mg/kg) after intraperitoneal injection. ADMET prediction studies for this dual inhibitor show favorable pharmacokinetic properties which will guide the future evaluations.